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History of the Discovery of Electricity, First Discovered by Accident

History of the Discovery of Electricity, First Discovered by Accident

History of the Discovery of Electricity, First Discovered by Accident – Jakarta, Indonesia –The electricity that humans enjoy today does not just exist. There was a major contribution from scientists who succeeded in discovering electricity .
So, do you know who the credited inventor of electricity is?

In everyday life, there are no tools that do not require electricity. Just mention lights, televisions, cellphones, laptops, rice cookers, ovens, electric bicycles, electric motorbikes, electric cars, and many more.

The existence of electricity was not known in BC. However, one of the ancient Greek mathematicians discovered the theory of static electric current.

Then these theories were developed by other scientists. From theory to discovery and finally it can be enjoyed by the wider community until now.

Figures who discovered electricity

Who discovered electricity? The answer is Michael Faraday, who is also known as the Father of World Electricity, quoted from the e-Module Characters and Inventions for Grade VI Elementary/MI Students’ Books.

Faraday was born in 1791 in Newington, England. He came from a poor family so he only had a brief school education.

Even so, Faraday, who was interested in the field of electricity, continued his hard work and contributed greatly to his theories and discoveries.

Quoting the book Faraday and Electricity by Neny Anggraeni, Faraday’s famous discovery was his theory of electrochemistry and electromagnetism. He observed that a copper coil connected to the battery caused a magnetic field.

Apart from that, he also invented a device that later became the Bunsen burner which is used in almost all science laboratories as a practical heat source.

With the guidance of Sir Humphry Davy, a chemist who often gave lectures at the Royal Institute, Faraday led to his discovery. Then in 1821, Faraday created the first dynamo and electric motor.

Other Figures in the History of the Discovery of Electricity

Apart from Faraday, there are a number of figures or names who have contributed to the discovery and development of electricity in the world. Who are they?

1. Thales

Thales was an Ancient Greek mathematician around 625-547 BC. Even though at that time his invention did not seem modern and sophisticated, Thales produced a simple discovery related to electricity.

Initially, Thales discovered that if he rubbed a piece of amber on a woolen cloth, when he held it close to a chicken’s feathers, the feather would be attracted and stick to the amber.

Thales thought amber had this power. At that time, Thales did not know about electricity.

Thales made several observations on static electricity which he believed was the friction that magnetic amber produces as opposed to minerals such as magnetic ones that do not need to be rubbed, citing the Basic Book of Electrical Engineering by Dr Hantje Ponto.

At that time, Thales did not know that attraction was caused by magnetic effects until science finally proved that there was a relationship between magnetism and electricity.

2. Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin had conducted extensive research on electricity in the 18th century which was documented by Joseph Priestley’s (1767) History and Present Status of Electricity.

Franklin, who was a thinker and researcher from the United States, experimented by tying a metal key to a kite string during a thunderstorm.

The flash that jumps from the key to his hand shows that lightning is electricity in nature. He concluded that electric current was the same as lightning.

3. William Gilbert

The English scientist William Gilbert made special studies of electricity and magnetism, distinguishing the effects of lodestone from the static electricity produced by rubbing amber.

He proposed a new Latin word, namely electricus, which means electron, to refer to the attractive property of light objects after being rubbed.

These words were finally absorbed into English, namely electric and electricity, which first appeared in Thomas Browne’s printed writings, Pseudodoxia Epidemica in 1646.

This is information about electricity from the inventor of electricity until it was finally developed by a number of other scientists. Hope it is useful!

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