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The Invention of the First Harvesting Machine, Starting from Efficiency Efforts During Harvesting

The Invention of the First Harvesting Machine, Starting from Efficiency Efforts During Harvesting

The Invention of the First Harvesting Machine, Starting from Efficiency Efforts During Harvesting – Rice and wheat are staple foods that are often consumed by people in a number of countries around the world. Farmers must harvest first before processing and consuming this food.

Using a harvester helps farmers produce quality food. Apart from that, this tool helps speed harvesting and has an impact on farmer profits.

The discovery of this revolutionary tool was the work of an inventor from the United States, Cyrus McCormick. Armed with experience and a farming family background, he designed tools that could help farmers harvest in the fields.

Basically, this tool was horse-drawn and is one of the most important inventions in the history of agricultural innovation. Not long after the initial trials, McCormick finally registered a patent for his invention.

This tool finally received an official patent on June 21, 1834. Farmers who saw how this tool worked became interested and ordered it to be made immediately.

Practical and fast are the positive sides of this tool until it was finally modernized by several agricultural equipment companies.

Several agricultural observers saw that this tool was comparable to 12 people working with sickles on 4 hectares of crop land.

The beginning of discovery

Cyrus McCormick was born in Virginia, United States on February 15, 1809. He was the oldest of eight children. His father was a farmer and blacksmith.

His childhood education was only in local schools. After that, he helped in his father’s workshop. There, he received guidance to find useful tools in the agricultural sector.

In the early 19th century, harvesting required large numbers of workers. Apart from the large scope of agricultural areas, costs are the main focus in this problem.

Therefore, Cyrus McCormick’s father tried to make a harvest tool that was practical and faster. Various concepts were created, but they did not comply with predetermined standards.

Starting from failure, this project was finally given to McCormick by his father. His task is to be able to complete this challenge from his father.

In 1831, Cyrus McCormick tried to make a reaper. This tool was pulled by horses and used a type of rotating gear. This tool is engine powered.

When tested on neighboring fields, this tool offers hope that farmers will have more freedom and will not need as many workers to harvest.

However, at that time this machine was not perfect. The sound produced is so loud that it frightens the horse. One of them had to stand guard and keep the horse calm while the machine was running.

McCormick had to improve his invention and immediately patent it so that other inventors would not claim it. After receiving the patent, he abandoned the invention and focused on the family’s iron foundry.

Shortly after the foundry business failed, he returned again to the reaper. He managed to sell two machines in 1941. Until 1943, he managed to sell around 36 reapers.

Global promotion

Not only selling regionally, McCormick also promotes his tools to various states. He also collaborated with several local officials to build a factory for making agricultural equipment.

In 1847, about 800 machines were sold. To increase sales, it uses innovations such as advertising, public demonstrations, product warranties, and extending credit to its customers.

This tool is also sold to various countries in the world. He even received the Grand Medal of Honor at the Paris International Exposition. There the McCormick reaper became known to farmers throughout the world.

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